Thursday, February 9, 2023

Orange Circling in Your Space

From Minneola to
Orange Circling in Your Space


1) Joan Miró
2) Alexander Calder
3) Andy Warhol
4) Bauhaus
5) Etel Adnan
6) Kenneth Noland
7) Arthur Dove
8) Joseph Albers

* Orange and Reddish Orange

The Red Sun
Joan Miró (1893-1983), Spanish
Oil on canvas, 1950

The striking red sun is a symbol found in much of Miró's art, a more detailed version was painted two years previously in 1948. Miró (1893-1983) liked to reduce detail to a minimum, while still allowing each object to be identifiable. The large bright circle dominates the composition, stretching to two thirds of the width and height of the painting.

Derriere Le Miroir #201 / Behind the Mirror #201
Alexander Calder (1898-1976), American
Lithograph, 11" x 15" (w x h), 1973

Source Wiki edited:
This lithograph is my the well-known sculptor, Alexander Calder, the third in a generation of noted Philadelphian sculptors. The Philadelphia Museum of Art offers a view of works by three generations of Alexander Calders. From the second floor window on the east side of the Great Stair Hall there is behind the viewer Calder's own Ghost mobile, ahead on the street is the Swann Memorial Fountain by his father, A. Stirling Calder, and beyond that is the statue of William Penn atop City Hall by Calder's grandfather, Alexander Milne Calder.

Andy Warhol (1928-1987), American
Screenprint in a unique color combination on wove paper,
34" x 34" (w x h), #43 of 470, 1972
from the total edition of 632 unique impressions,
one of 472 impressions used by architects for
the Hotel Marquette, Minneapolis
Sotheby's 2022 auction estimate, $80,000 - $120,000 USD

Source Wiki edited:
Warhol had a retrospective exhibition at the Whitney Museum of American Art in 1971. Compared to the success and scandal of Warhol's work in the 1960s, the 1970s were a much quieter decade, as he became more entrepreneurial. He produced screen prints for a hotel chain, one seen above. In 1975, he published The Philosophy of Andy Warhol. An idea expressed in the book: "Making money is art, and working is art and good business is the best art."

Bauhaus, 1919
Bauhaus Exhibition Poster, Orange Circle

Source Wiki edited:
The Bauhaus School was founded in 1919 by architect Walter Gropius (1883-1969) in Weimar, Germany. It was grounded in the idea of creating comprehensive artwork in which all the arts would eventually be brought together. The Bauhaus style later became one of the most influential currents in modern design, modernist architecture, and architectural education. The Bauhaus movement had a profound influence upon subsequent developments in art, architecture, graphic design, interior design, industrial design, and typography. Staff at the Bauhaus included prominent artists such as Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky, and László Moholy-Nagy at various points. The Nazis disbanded the school in 1933.

Planéte 37
Etel Adnan (1925-2021), Lebanese-American
Oil on canvas, 10" x 13" (w x h), 2020

Source Wiki edited:
The painting above was painted in 2020 when Etel Adnan was 95-years-old. In 2003, Adnan was named "arguably the most celebrated and accomplished Arab American author writing today" by the academic journal MELUS: Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States. Besides her literary output, Adnan made visual works in a variety of media, such as oil paintings, films and tapestries, which have been exhibited at galleries across the world.
In 2017, Adnan's work was included in "Making Space: Women Artists and Postwar Abstraction," a group exhibition organized by MoMA, which brought together prominent artists including Ruth Asawa, Gertrudes Altschul, Anni Albers, Magdalena Abakanowicz, Lygia Clark, and Lygia Pape, among others. In 2018, MASS MoCA hosted a retrospective of the artist, titled "A yellow sun A green sun a yellow sun A red sun a blue sun", including a selection of paintings in oil and ink, as well as a reading room of her written works. The exhibition explored how the experience of reading poetry differs from the experience of looking at a painting. She died at the age of 96 in 2022.

Kenneth Noland (1924-2010), American
Oil on canvas, 76" x 76" (w x h), 1960

Source Yars Art, edited:
Noland, one of the best know color field painters, first began making and exhibiting his iconic Circle series, square canvases featuring concentric circles in various saturated colors, during the late 1950s. His work attracted international attention in 1964, when it was included in Greenberg's Post-Painterly Abstraction exhibition at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and his paintings also appeared in the Venice Biennale. He lived his last years in Port Clyde, Maine.

Red Sun
Arthur G. Dove (1880-1946), American
Oil on canvas, 28" x 20" (w x h), 1935
The Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C.

Phillips Collection notes edited:
Red Sun, painted in 1935 during Arthur Dove's five-year stay in Geneva, New York, is a visual representation of the moment at sunset that hovers between light and dark. It accompanies Morning Sun, completed the same year. The sun is a powerful force in the landscape, this time as a large red-orange orb with a spiraling line of force that hovers over the hills and patterned fields. Its vibrant red radiates, conveying the sun's intensity at the end of the day. Red Sun, like its companion painting, attests to Dove's increasingly rich color and awareness of the interplay of heat and light of landscape at his home in Geneva, New York.

Homage to the Square: Confident
Josef Albers (1888-1976), German-American
Oil on Masonite, 24" x 24" (w x h), 1954
SFMOMA, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
Gift of Anni Albers and the Josef Albers Foundation

Source Wiki edited:
Josef Albers, a German-born artist and educator, was the first living artist to be given a solo show at MoMA and at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. He taught at the Bauhaus and Black Mountain College, headed Yale University's department of design, and is considered one of the most influential teachers of the visual arts in the twentieth century.

Albers is best remembered for his work as an abstract painter and theorist. He favored a very disciplined approach to composition, especially in the hundreds of paintings and prints that make up the series Homage to the Square. In this rigorous series, begun in 1949, Albers explored chromatic interactions with nested squares. Usually painting on Masonite, he used a palette knife with oil colors and often recorded the colors he used on the back of his works. Each painting consists of either three or four squares of solid planes of color nested within one another, in one of four different arrangements and in square formats ranging from 16" x 16" to 48" x 48" (w x h).

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